Lecture: The Indo-European Background of the Slavic Uni-directional and Multi-directional Verbs of Motion
The Slavic languages distinguish two types of verbs of motion — uni-directional and multi-directional. The aim of this research is to find out their Indo-European background, i.e. the etymology. It will also give an insight into the Indo-European and Slavic verbal morphology.
The Slavic languages distinguish two types of verbs of motion — uni-directional and multi-directional (also referred to as determined and undetermined), e.g. OCS iti/xoditi 'go', nesti/nositi 'carry', where iti and nesti are uni-directional and xoditi as well as nositi are multi-directional. These two types of verbs are used in distinct situations.
The aim of this research should be to find out their Indo-European background. 14 pairs of such verbs of motion from Russian are taken into etymological examination. The results show that in most cases, the multi-directional verbs trace back to the Indo-European ablauted o-grade causative-iterative formation, while some others show the Slavic innovation with the same iterative meaning, and in one single case (the morphology of Russian ездить 'to drive, to go by vehicle', multi-directional counterpart of ехать, same meaning) is still problematic. A stem suppletion is also to be found in идти/ходить 'to go on foot'.
The nature of this research will give the opportunity to have an short "excursion" to the world of Indo-European and Slavic verbal morphology.